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ID
9-508-1187
Name
Drive-Through Point of Distribution Team
Status
Published
Updated
11/15/2019 5:41:45 PM
Released
11/07/2017
Description
A Drive-Through Point of Distribution (POD) Team establishes a location that the public can access by car to obtain critical emergency supplies during and after an emergency. Government agencies, Nongovernmental Organizations (NGO), private sector organizations, and combinations of these groups can establish and operate these sites.
Resource Category
Mass Care Services
Primary Core Capability
Mass Care Services
Secondary Core Capability
 
Resource Kind
Team
Overall Function
A Drive-Through POD Team: 1. Establishes drive-through distribution operations at a site, as specified by the Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) 2. Works closely with the Distribution of Emergency Supplies (DES) Task Force to regulate the flow of supplies and to notify the public of locations and hours of operation 3. Distributes supplies in an orderly, efficient, and safe manner via defined vehicle lanes and loading points 4. Maintains accurate records of items distributed 5. Restocks supplies at the site
Composition and Ordering Specifications
1. Discuss logistics for deploying this team, such as working conditions, length of deployment, security, lodging, transportation, and meals, prior to deployment 2. This team supports pre-disaster planning and post-disaster supply distribution to meet survivors’ immediate needs 3. The number of Drive-Through POD sites varies depending on the incident type, size, scale, and duration 4. The condition of the transportation infrastructure may obstruct access to a POD site or affect resupply operations 5. A Drive-Through POD may operate for extended hours to give the public maximum access 6. The requestor determines the amount and type of security to prevent theft and provide traffic control
Supporting Core Capabilities
None
Components
Component Notes  
MANAGEMENT AND OVERSIGHT PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: 1 – NIMS Type 1 DES Team Leader 2 – NIMS Type 2 DES Team Leader
Type 2Same as Type 3, PLUS: 1 – NIMS Type 1 DES Team Leader
Type 32 – National Incident Management System (NIMS) Type 2 DES Team Leader
SUPPORT PERSONNEL PER TEAM1. All forklift operators have training and certification in accordance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requirements. Forklift operators also have Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) authorization to operate assigned equipment. 2. The forklift operator is not a NIMS typed position.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: 2 – Forklift Operator 39 – NIMS Type 1 Mass Care Specialist
Type 2Same as Type 3, PLUS: 1 – Forklift Operator 13 – NIMS Type 1 Mass Care Specialist
Type 32 – Forklift Operator 15 – NIMS Type 1 Mass Care Specialist
Electronics and Communications Equipment Per Team1. The DES Team Leader communicates depletion rates and operational changes to the Logistics Staging Area (LSA), the Distribution of Emergency Supplies Task Force, and the Logistics Chief. 2. The AHJ determines the number of directional signs after completing a risk assessment. 3. Requestor selects and programs two-way radios based on AHJ requirements. 4. Consider alternate forms of communication, such as satellite phones, based on the mission assignment and team needs.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Cellular Phone (one per team member) Laptop computer (one per team member) Handheld two-way radio (one per team member) 1 – GPS unit 1 – Handheld public address horn or system 1 – National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather alert radio 1 – Directional sign
Site Size Per TeamType 2 and Type 3 Drive-Through POD sites may include a pedestrian lane if space permits and if there are no safety concerns.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1250' x 500' to accommodate four vehicle lanes and 12 loading points
Type 2250' x 300' to accommodate two vehicle lanes and six loading points
Type 3150' x 300' to accommodate one vehicle lane and three loading points
Throughput Per Team1. Type 1 POD supports up to 12 loading points and four vehicle lanes, and serves up to 20,000 people per day. 2. Type 2 POD supports up to six loading points and two vehicle lanes, and serves up to 10,000 people per day. 3. Type 3 POD supports up to three loading points and one vehicle lane, and serves up to 5,000 people per day. 4. Throughput is the estimated number of vehicles the Drive-Through POD Team serves per hour. The number of vehicles served varies based on available personnel, number of load stations, and item packaging. 5. Throughput estimates assume that one vehicle represents a household of three people, per the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Local Distribution Point Planning for Commodities document.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1276 to 550
Type 2141 to 275
Type 3Up to 140
Operations Equipment Per TeamThe DES Team Leader orders equipment to supplement what the requestor provides, based on the FEMA and USACE Guide to Points of Distribution.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Equipment includes the following: 1. Forklifts 2. Pallet jacks 3. Hand trucks 4. Lighting 5. Large trash containers 6. Traffic control devices 7. Portable toilets 8. Tents or canopies
649
Notes
References
Reference
FEMA, NIMS 508: Distribution of Emergency Supplies Task Force
FEMA, NIMS 509: Distribution of Emergency Supplies Team Leader
FEMA, NIMS 508: Donated Goods Warehouse Management Team
FEMA, NIMS 508: Donations Coordination Task Force
FEMA, NIMS 509: Donations Specialist
FEMA, NIMS 509: Mass Care Specialist
FEMA, NIMS 508: Mobile Distribution Team
FEMA, NIMS 509: Pedestrian Point of Distribution Team
FEMA, NIMS 509: Volunteer Agency Liaison
FEMA, National Incident Management System (NIMS), October 2017
FEMA and United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Guide to Points of Distribution, January 2009
American Red Cross, Bulk Distribution Handbook, 2013
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1910.178(l): Powered Industrial Trucks, latest edition adopted
USACE, Local Distribution Point Planning for Commodities, June 2005