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ID
8-508-1171
Name
Mountain Search and Rescue Team
Status
Published
Version
1.2
Updated
11/19/2019 11:32:38 AM
Original Release
11/07/2017
Last Major Release
11/19/2019
Description
A Mountain Search and Rescue (SAR) Team conducts search, rescue, and recovery in one or more of the environments of low mountain, mountain, and alpine, in response to natural and human-caused events.
Resource Category
Search and Rescue
Primary Core Capability
Mass Search and Rescue Operations
Secondary Core Capability
 
Resource Kind
Team
Overall Function
The Mountain SAR Team: 1. Conducts search, rescue, and recovery in low mountain, mountain, and alpine SAR environments through use of aircraft and ground vehicles for support, transportation, and evacuation, including technical and non-technical terrain a. Low Mountain: Tract of land characterized by steep slopes and moderate variations in elevation, that requires the ability to negotiate routes rated as Yosemite Decimal System (YDS) classes 1-4 and occasionally class 5, where steep to vertical rock, steep forested or brush-covered terrain, talus slopes, boulder fields, and possibly occasional snow and ice obstacles limits travel, which includes city and county (urban or suburban) parks b. Mountain: Tract of land characterized by steep slopes and great variations in elevation, that requires the ability to negotiate routes rated YDS class 2–4, and occasionally class 5, and where steep to vertical rock, steep forested or brush-covered terrain, talus slopes, boulder fields, and occasional snow and ice obstacles limit travel c. Alpine: Mountainous terrain, typically above tree line, that requires the ability to negotiate routes rated YDS class 2–5, and where any combination of altitude, extreme weather, extensive exposure to snow/ice obstacles, avalanche risk, and crevasses affect travel; in general, the alpine environment includes all mountainous terrain above 3,500 meters 2. Provides first aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) 3. Operates within the Incident Command System (ICS) 4. Operates in environments with and without infrastructure, including those affected by disasters and terrorism; with compromised access to roadways, utilities, and transportation; and with limited availability of shelter, food, and water 5. Conducts primary rescue of humans and animals and delivers them to safe refuge, but is not intended to perform secondary transport of rescued humans and animals to shelters or other locations
Composition and Ordering Specifications
1. Discuss the following items prior to deployment: a. Intra-team communications, such as programmable inter-operable communications with Command, General Staff, and other supporting resources b. Presence of contaminated environments and need for related personal protective equipment (PPE), respiratory protection, clothing, and equipment c. Security and force protection needed upon arrival d. Logistics support, such as length of deployment, lodging, transportation, and meals 2. The requestor should specify additional specialized equipment, such as hardware, software, ropes, rescue, or evacuation equipment 3. The requestor should specify the mission location and operational environment, such as low mountain, mountain, and alpine 4. The requestor should specify the type of animal rescue, such as livestock and equine, companion, avian, non-domestic, and exotic animals 5. The requestor should acquire additional specialized personnel, such as advanced medical, Emergency Medical Technician (EMT), paramedic, and canine SAR personnel separately 6. The requestor should acquire secondary land or air transport of rescues separately 7. The requestor should specify or separately acquire additional vehicles, trailers, equipment, or supplies such as fuel 8. The requestor should consider the need for additional capabilities needed to address hazards that may be encountered during operations in SAR environments, which may be immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH), as ASTM F2890 Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel defines 9. The Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) may require additional capability-based training or certification, such as those related to cave, mine, water, hazardous material, or higher altitudes
Supporting Core Capabilities
None
Components
Component Notes  
MINIMUM PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 111
MANAGEMENT AND OVERSIGHT PERSONNEL PER TEAMNIMS Mountain SAR Strike Team/Task Force Leader should have experience in the deployment area’s environment.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 11 – NIMS Type 1 Mountain SAR Strike Team/Task Force Leader 2 – NIMS Type 1 Mountain SAR Team Leader
SUPPORT PERSONNEL PER TEAMRequestor may need to order a NIMS Type 1 EMT or Paramedic as a separate resource to supplement the team based on the incident need.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 18 – NIMS Type 13 Mountain SAR Technician
Environment Capability Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Alpine
Operations Capability Per TeamYDS of classifying walking, hiking, and climbing terrain: 1. Class 1: Walking with a low chance of injury. 2. Class 2: Simple scrambling, with the possibility of occasional hand use and little potential danger. 3. Class 3: Scrambling on an increased angle with increased exposure and necessary handholds. Falls could easily be fatal. 4. Class 4: Simple climbing, with exposure and rope use. Falls may well be fatal. 5. Class 5: Technical rock climbing using a rope, specialized equipment and training to protect against a fall. Un-roped falls can result in severe injury or death. 6. Class 6: Rock/Ice so shear and smooth that it is unclimbable without the use of aid, such as artificial and other devices: bolts, wedges, rope ladders, etc.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: Performs search, rescue, and recovery in alpine environments
General Equipment Per TeamEach response or mission may require additional specialized equipment. Requestor and provider should discuss this prior to team’s arrival.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: Equipment consistent with this resource’s capabilities and needs, that meet or exceed ASTM 3028
Victim Extraction System Equipment Per TeamHypothermia packaging may include blankets or more technical equipment, such as specially designed sleeping bags.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Equipment Per Team MemberNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: PPE as required that meets or exceeds ASTM 3028
Communications Equipment Per Team Member1. Intra-team and inter-team communications should be consistent with National Interoperability Field Operations Guide (NIFOG). 2. Consider alternate forms of communication, such as satellite phones, based on the mission assignment and team needs.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Not Applicable
719
Notes
References
Reference
FEMA, NIMS 509: Emergency Medical Technician
FEMA, NIMS 509: Paramedic
FEMA, NIMS 509: Mountain Search and Rescue Team Leader
FEMA, NIMS 509: Mountain Search and Rescue Technician
FEMA, NIMS 509: Mountain Search and Rescue Strike Team/Task Force Leader
FEMA, National Incident Management System (NIMS), October 2017
ASTM International (ASTM) F2209-2014: Standard Guide for Training of Level I Land Search Team Member, 2014
ASTM F2751-2009: Standard Guide for Training of Support Level Land Rescue Team Member (LRT-Support) Member, 2009
ASTM F2752-2009: Standard Guide for Training for Level I Rope Rescue (R1) Rescuer Endorsement, 2014
ASTM F2890-2012: Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel, 2012
ASTM WK45629: Training of Non-Wilderness Land Search Team Member
ASTM F3027-2013: Standard Guide for Training of Personnel Operating in Mountainous Terrain (Mountain Endorsement), 2013
ASTM F3028-2013: Standard Guide for Training of Search and Rescue Personnel Operating in the Alpine Environment (Alpine Endorsement), 2013
Mountain Rescue Association (MRA), Policy 105.1: National Compliancy Guideline, 2006
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Emergency Communications (OEC), National Interoperability Field Operations Guide (NIFOG), v. 1.5, 2014
Yosemite Decimal System (YDS), Classifications for Terrain
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1910.120: Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response, latest edition adopted
OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910.134: Respiratory Protection, latest edition adopted
OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910.146: Permit-Required Confined Spaces, latest edition adopted