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ID
8-508-1169
Name
Mine Search and Rescue Team
Status
Published
Version
1.2
Updated
11/19/2019 11:20:08 AM
Original Release
11/07/2017
Last Major Release
11/19/2019
Description
A Mine Search and Rescue (SAR) Team conducts search, rescue, and recovery in underground mine environments, including active, inactive, and abandoned mines.
Resource Category
Search and Rescue
Primary Core Capability
Mass Search and Rescue Operations
Secondary Core Capability
 
Resource Kind
Team
Overall Function
The Mine SAR Team: 1. Conducts search, rescue, and recovery in active and inactive mines environments, as defined by the U.S. Department of Labor’s Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) 2. Provides for primary rescue of humans and animals to the nearest location for secondary air or land transport, care, and sheltering 3. Provides first aid to include cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) 4. Operates within the Incident Command System (ICS) 5. Performs ventilation operations 6. Conducts technical rope rescue operations 7. Performs small fire extinguishment operations 8. Uses ground vehicles, watercraft, and aircraft for support 9. Operates in environments with and without infrastructure, including those with compromised access to roadways, utilities, and transportation, or medical facilities; and those with limited availability of shelter, food, and water
Composition and Ordering Specifications
1. Discuss the following items prior to deployment: a. Intra-team communications, such as programmable inter-operable communications with Command, General Staff, and other supporting resources b. Presence of contaminated environments and need for related personal protective equipment (PPE), respiratory protection, clothing, and equipment c. Security and force protection needed upon arrival d. Logistics support, such as length of deployment, lodging, transportation, and meals 2. The requestor should specify additional specialized equipment, such as hardware, software, ropes, survivor evacuation devices 3. The requestor should specify the mission location and operational environment, such as land, wilderness, or hazardous materials contamination 4. The requestor should specify additional skills needed for deep or rapidly moving water, sumps, or completely water-filled passages 5. The requestor should specify the type of animal rescue, such as livestock and equine, companion, avian, non-domestic and exotic animals 6. The requestor should acquire additional specialized personnel separately, such as advanced medical, Emergency Medical Technician (EMT), paramedic, and canine SAR specialist 7. The requestor should acquire secondary land or air transport of rescues separately 8. The requestor should specify or separately acquire additional vehicles, trailers, equipment, or supplies such as fuel 9. The requestor should consider the need for additional capabilities or endorsements to address hazards the team may encounter during operations in SAR environments, which may be immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH), as defined by ASTM International (ASTM) F2890 Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel
Supporting Core Capabilities
None
Components
Component Notes  
MINIMUM PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 17
Type 27
MANAGEMENT AND OVERSIGHT PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 11 – NIMS Type 1 Mine SAR Team Leader
Type 21 – National Incident Management System (NIMS) Type 2 Mine SAR Team Leader
SUPPORT PERSONNEL PER TEAMRapid intervention and logistical support, such as surface operations and communications, may require additional teams.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 16 – NIMS Type 1 Mine SAR Technician
Type 26 – NIMS Type 2 Mine SAR Technician
Operations Capability Per Team1. All teams are capable of working in or around a mine with a NIMS Type 1 Canine Search Team – Land Live 2. The MSHA defines endorsements necessary for specific mine types.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: 1. Conducts search, rescue, and recovery in active underground mine environments 2. Firefighting and explosion operations 3. Bulkhead building and timbering operations 4. Post fire/explosion operations
Type 2Conducts search, rescue, and recovery in inactive underground mine environments
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Equipment Per Team Member1. American National Standard Institute (ANSI) Z359: Fall Protection Code addresses PPE. 2. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910.146: Permit-Required Confined Spaces addresses confined spaces.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Minimum PPE consistent with this resource’s capabilities and needs, including: 1. Head protection compatible with cap lamps 2. Gloves 3. Flame protective outerwear 4. Footwear appropriate to the environment
TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT PER TEAMVehicles are for transporting team members and equipment and should be 4 wheel drive as the environment requires.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 22 – Vehicle
General Equipment Per Team MemberNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: Equipment including: 1. Entry equipment 2. Fire/explosion suppression 3. Bulkhead building and timbering
Type 21. Technical rope rescue equipment 2. Atmospheric monitors for each type of gas expected and any necessary equipment for testing and sustaining operations 3. Particulate masks and respirators 4. Lockout and tag-out kits 5. Personnel accountability system for surface and entry 6. Rapid intervention crew kit 7. Small fire extinguishment 8. Specialized equipment as needed, such as animal rescue, water entry equipment 9. Access, search, rescue, recovery 10. Patient assessment, treatment and evacuation 11. Ground support for air operations 12. Base and spike camp 13. Entry and escape combination or separate breathing apparatuses: a. Breathing apparatus (BA) with at least 4 hour capacity b. Any necessary equipment for testing and sustaining such BA for 8 hours while using it c. Escape breathing device with at least 1 hour capacity
Communications Equipment Per Team Member1. Intra-team and inter-team communications should be consistent with National Interoperability Field Operations Guide (NIFOG). 2. Consider alternate forms of communication, such as satellite phones, based on the mission assignment and team needs.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Not Applicable
Type 21. Intra-team portable communications 2. Portable radios with ground to air capability 3. Handheld Global Positioning System (GPS) units 4. Mobile phone and waterproof bag 5. Entry to Surface and Surface to Entry Communications that comply with OSHA 29 CFR 1910.146 6. Handi-mikes or ear/headsets
714
Notes
References
Reference
FEMA, NIMS 509: Mine Search and Rescue Team Leader
FEMA, NIMS 509: Mine Search and Rescue Technician
FEMA, NIMS 509: Canine Search Team – Land Live
FEMA, National Incident Management System (NIMS), October 2017
The American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE), ANSI/ASSE A10.32: Fall Protection Systems for Construction and Demolition Operations, 2012
ASSE, ANSI/ASSE A10.16: Safety Requirements for Tunnels, Shafts, and Caissons, 2009
ASSE, ANSI/ASSE Z359.1: Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components, 2007
ASTM International (ASTM) F2890-12: Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel, 2012
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Emergency Communications (OEC), National Interoperability Field Guide (NIFOG), version 1.5, January 2014
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1910.146: Permit-Required Confined Spaces