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ID
8-508-1159
Name
Structural Collapse Rescue Team
Status
Published
Updated
11/22/2019 4:20:24 PM
Released
12/11/2014
Description
A Structural Collapse Rescue Team conducts rescue in collapsed structures and debris fields, both natural and human-caused
Resource Category
Search and Rescue
Primary Core Capability
Mass Search and Rescue Operations
Secondary Core Capability
 
Resource Kind
Team
Overall Function
The Structural Collapse Rescue Team performs the following functions: 1. Provides rescue in a structural collapse environment for unaccounted individuals 2. Conducts search, rescue, and recovery in structural collapse technical rescue environments 3. Team provides medical care to include Basic Life Support (BLS) 4. Operates in environments with and without infrastructure, including those with compromised access to roadways, utilities and transportation, or medical facilities; and with limited availability of food and water 5. Operates within the Incident Command System (ICS) 6. Operates primarily for rescue and recovery to the nearest safe area for air rescue, ambulance or other transportation
Composition and Ordering Specifications
1. The mission location and operational environments such as size of structure and type of structure must be specified 2. This team is intended and equipped to conduct primary rescue of humans and animals from a structural collapse environment and deliver them to safe refuge 3. Type of animal rescue (e.g. livestock/equine, companion, avian, and non-domestic/exotic animals) must be specified 4. The need for additional specialized personnel (e.g. medical, animal, logistics, advisors, or helicopter support) must be specified 5. Operations in SAR environments may be recognized as immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH), per ASTM International (ASTM) F2890 Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel. The requesting authority must consider the need for additional capabilities or endorsements 6. The need for additional vehicles, trailers, equipment, or supplies (fuel) must be specified 7. Equipment (hardware, software, ropes, victim evacuation devices, personal protective equipment (PPE), etc.) needed to accomplish operations must be specified 8. Specify heavy, medium or light operations when ordering: a. Heavy is capable of rescue operations in heavy floor construction, pre-cast concrete construction, reinforced concrete, steel frame construction, and mass transportation rescue b. Medium is capable of rescue operations in heavy wall construction, high angle rope rescue (not including highline systems), confined space rescue (permit required), non-reinforced concrete, trench, and excavation rescue c. Light is capable of rescue operations in light frame, ordinary construction 9. The need to order heavy equipment such as cranes, aerial lifts (booms) and industrial style forklifts must be specified 10. The Agency Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) and resource must address, prior to deployment, certain needs, including: a. Communications beyond the resource’s intra-team communications (such as programmable inter-operable communications with Command, Logistics, military, etc.) b. Contaminated environments, and related PPE, respiratory protection, clothing, and equipment c. Logistics support needs for this resource (security or force protection, lodging, transportation, meals, etc.)
Supporting Core Capabilities
None
Components
Component Notes  
MINIMUM PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 16
Type 26
Type 35
MANAGEMENT AND OVERSIGHT PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 21 - NIMS Type 1 Structural Collapse Rescue Team Leader
Type 31 - National Incident Management System (NIMS) Type 1 Structural Collapse Rescue Team Leader
SUPPORT PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 25 - NIMS Type 1 Structural Collapse Rescue Technicians
Type 34 - NIMS Type 2 Structural Collapse Rescue Technicians
Construction Type Capability Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Heavy
Type 2Medium
Type 3Light
Rescue Capabilities Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2 PLUS Conducts Rescue in Light, Medium, and Heavy construction, consistent with the UN INSARAG’s US&R categories of structures: 1. Heavy floor construction
Type 2Same as Type 3 PLUS Conducts Rescue in Light and Medium construction, consistent with the UN INSARAG’s US&R categories of structures: 1. Heavy wall construction 2. Concrete construction 3. Steel frame construction
Type 3Conducts Rescue in Light construction, consistent with the United Nations (UN) International Search and Rescue Advisory Group’s (INSARAG) Guidelines and Methodology for Urban Search and Rescue (US&R) categories of structures: 1. Light frame construction 2. Performs thermal, optical, acoustical and audio search 3. Provides First Aid to include cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) 4. Confined space (permit -required, non-cave, non-mine)
General Capabilities Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 31. Provides for the basic Incident Command System (ICS) functions: a. Safety of their personnel and operations b. Medical care of their personnel and subjects c. Logistics: small repairs of small equipment and incident logistics support d. Plans team level tactics e. Plans camp shelter if needed f. Simple decontamination of personnel g. Basic ground support for helicopter operations and possibly greater 2. Capable of using ground and water vehicles and aircraft for support
General Equipment Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 31. Communications 2. Access, search, rescue, recovery 3. Victim assessment, treatment, and evacuation 4. Vehicle support equipment 5. Ground support for air operations 6. Base and spike camp 7. Discipline-specific PPE, tools, respirators, and breathing apparatus
Rescue Equipment Per TeamHand tools include shovels, gasoline or electric saws and bolt cutters. Breaching and breaking equipment includes sledgehammers and crowbars. Additional heavy equipment may need to be ordered such as cranes, aerial lifts (booms) and industrial style forklifts.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2 PLUS: 1. Cutting torches 2. Rebar cutter 3. Shoring equipment
Type 2Same as Type 3 PLUS: 1. Breaching and breaking equipment 2. Air bags 3. Hydraulic jacks 4. Technical rope rescue equipment
Type 31. Anchor plates 2. Brake rack 3. Carabiners 4. Pulleys 5. Ropes 6. Hand tools
Victim Extraction System Equipment Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 31. Litter basket 2. Litter wheel 3. Adjustable bridle 4. Patient harness system
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Equipment Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Minimum PPE consistent with this resource’s capabilities and needs, including: 1. Helmet(s), headlamp(s), batteries 2. Eye and hearing protection 3. Breathing protection 4. Uniform/protective clothing 5. Gloves 6. Footwear 7. Deployment/travel pack 8. Initial attack pack 9. Personal medical kit 10. Survival Kit 11. Other necessary field packs or gear 12. Foul weather clothing
Communications Equipment Per Team MemberIntra-team and inter-team communications are consistent with National Interoperability Field Operations Guide (NIFOG).
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 31. Intra-team and Inter-team communications system 2. Programmable radios 3. Phone; cell or satellite, battery, charger 4. Battery chargers 5. Handheld Global Positioning System (GPS) unit(s) 6. Handi-mikes or earphones/headsets
TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT PER TEAMVehicles are for use in transporting team members and equipment and can be capable of 2 or 4-wheel drive.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 32 - Vehicles
384
Notes
References
Reference
FEMA, NIMS 509-8: Structural Collapse Search Technician
FEMA, NIMS 509-8: Structural Collapse Rescue Technician
FEMA, NIMS 509-8: Structural Collapse Search Team Leader
FEMA, NIMS 509-8: Structural Collapse Rescue Team Leader
FEMA, NIMS 508-8: Structural Collapse Search Team
FEMA, NIMS 509-8: Canine Search Specialist, Disaster/Structural Collapse - Live
FEMA, National Incident Management System (NIMS), October 2017
United Nations (UN) International Search and Rescue Advisory Group (INSARAG), Guidelines and Methodology, April 2012
American National Standard Institute (ANSI) A10.14 American National Standard for Construction and Demolition Operations - Requirements for Safety Belts, Harnesses, Lanyards and Lifelines for Construction and Demolition Use, latest edition adopted
ANSI Z359.1 American National Standard Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components, latest edition adopted
ASTM International (ASTM) F-2890-12 Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel, latest edition adopted
International Code Council (ICC), International Building Code
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1983: Standard on Life Safety Rope and Equipment for Emergency Services, latest edition adopted
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), 29 CFR 1910.120 (Code of Federal Regulations), Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response
OSHA, 29 CFR 1910.146, Permit-Required Confined Spaces
OSHA, 29 CFR 1910.134, Respiratory Protection
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, National Interoperability Field Operations Guide (NIFOG), v 1.4, January 2011