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ID
8-508-1158
Name
Structural Collapse Search Team
Status
Published
Updated
11/22/2019 4:26:05 PM
Released
12/11/2014
Description
A Structural Collapse Search Team conducts searches in collapsed structures and debris fields, both natural and human-caused
Resource Category
Search and Rescue
Primary Core Capability
Mass Search and Rescue Operations
Secondary Core Capability
 
Resource Kind
Team
Overall Function
The Structural Collapse Search Team performs the following functions: 1. Searches in a structural collapse environment for unaccounted individuals 2. Conducts thermal, optical, acoustical, and audio search 3. Team provides medical care to include basic life support (BLS) 4. Operates in environments with and without infrastructure, including those with compromised access to roadways, utilities and transportation, or medical facilities; and with limited availability of food and water 5. Operates within the Incident Command System (ICS)
Composition and Ordering Specifications
1. The mission location and operational environments such as size of structure, type of structure, etc. must be specified by the requestor 2. This team is intended and equipped to conduct primary search of humans and animals from a structural collapse environment 3. The need for additional specialized personnel (e.g., medical, animal, logistics, advisors, or helicopter support) must be specified 4. Per the American Society for Testing and Materials International (ASTM) F2890 Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel, operations in search and rescue (SAR) environments may be recognized as immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH) and the requesting authority must consider the need for additional recognized capability or endorsements 5. The need for additional vehicles, trailers, equipment, or, supplies (fuel) must be specified 6. Equipment (hardware, software, ropes, victim evacuation devices, personal protective equipment (PPE), etc.) needed to accomplish operations must be specified 7. Specify heavy, medium or light operations when ordering: a. Heavy is capable of search operations in heavy floor construction, pre-cast concrete construction, reinforced concrete, steel frame construction, and mass transportation rescue b. Medium is capable of search operations in heavy wall construction, high angle rope rescue (not including highline systems), confined space rescue (permit required), non-reinforced concrete, trench, and excavation rescue c. Light is capable of search operations in light frame, ordinary construction 8. The requestor must specify the need for heavy equipment such as cranes, aerial lifts (booms), and industrial style forklifts 9. The Agency Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) and resource must address, prior to deployment, certain needs, including: a. Communications beyond the resource’s intra-team communications (such as programmable inter-operable communications with command, logistics, military, etc.) b. Contaminated environments, and related PPE, respiratory protection, clothing, and equipment c. Logistics support needs for this resource (security or force protection, lodging, transportation, meals, etc.)
Supporting Core Capabilities
None
Components
Component Notes  
MINIMUM PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 15
Type 23
Type 32
MANAGEMENT AND OVERSIGHT PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 21 - NIMS Type 1 Structural Collapse Search Team Leader
Type 31 - National Incident Management System (NIMS) Type 1 Structural Collapse Search Team Leader
SUPPORT PERSONNEL PER TEAMFor the Type 1, the canine must be ordered additionally with the Canine Search Specialists.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2 PLUS: 2 - NIMS Type 1 Canine Search Specialists, Disaster/Structural Collapse –Live
Type 22 - NIMS Type 1 Structural Collapse Search Technicians
Type 31 - NIMS Type 2 Structural Collapse Search Technician
Construction Type Capability Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Heavy
Type 2Medium
Type 3Light
Rescue Capabilities Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2 PLUS: Conducts Rescue in Light, Medium, and Heavy construction, consistent with the UN INSARAG’s US&R categories of structures: 1. Heavy floor construction 2. Includes a Canine Search, Disaster/Structural Collapse component
Type 2Same as Type 3 PLUS: Conducts Rescue in Light and Medium construction, consistent with the UN INSARAG’s US&R categories of structures: 1. Heavy wall construction 2. Concrete construction 3. Steel frame construction
Type 3Conducts Search in Light construction, consistent with the United Nations (UN) International Search and Rescue Advisory Group’s (INSARAG) Guidelines and Methodology for Urban Search and Rescue (US&R) categories of structures: 1. Light frame construction 2. Performs thermal, optical, acoustical, and audio search 3. Provides first aid to include cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) 4. Confined space (permit-required, non-cave, non-mine)
General Capabilities Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 3
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 31. Provides for the following basic Incident Command System (ICS) functions: a. Safety of their personnel and operations b. Medical care of their personnel and subjects c. Logistics: small repairs of small equipment and incident logistics support d. Plans team level tactics e. Plans camp shelter if needed f. Simple decontamination of personnel g. Basic ground support for helicopter operations and possibly greater 2. May use ground and water vehicles and aircraft for support
General Equipment Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 3
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 31. Communications 2. Access, search, rescue, and recovery 3. Victim assessment, treatment, and evacuation 4. Vehicles’ support 5. Ground support for air operations 6. Base and spike camp 7. Discipline-specific PPE, tools, respirators, and breathing apparatus
Rescue Equipment Per TeamHand tools include shovels, gasoline or electric saws, and bolt cutters. Breaching and breaking equipment includes sledgehammers and crowbars. Additional heavy equipment may need to be ordered such as cranes, aerial lifts (booms), and industrial style forklifts.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2 PLUS: 1. Canine per specialist 2. Thermal imaging camera
Type 2Same as Type 3 PLUS: 1. Listening devices 2. Search camera 3. Core drills 4. Low-angle rope equipment
Type 31. Hand tools 2. Ropes
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Equipment Per Team MemberNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 3
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Minimum PPE consistent with this resource’s capabilities and needs, including: 1. Helmet(s), headlamp(s), and batteries 2. Eye and hearing protection 3. Breathing protection 4. Uniform/protective clothing 5. Gloves 6. Footwear 7. Deployment/travel pack 8. Initial attack pack 9. Personal medical kit 10. Survival kit 11. Other necessary field packs or gear 12. Foul weather clothing
Communications Equipment Per Team MemberIntra-team and inter-team communications are consistent with National Interoperability Field Operations Guide (NIFOG).
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 3
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 31. Intra-team and inter-team communications system 2. Programmable radios 3. Phone (i.e., cell or satellite, battery, and charger) 4. Battery chargers 5. Handheld global positioning system (GPS) unit(s) 6. Handi-mikes or earphones/headsets
TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT PER TEAMVehicles are for use in transporting team members and equipment and can be capable of 2 or 4-wheel drive.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 3
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 32 - Vehicles
370
Notes
References
Reference
FEMA, NIMS 508-8 Structural Collapse Rescue Team
FEMA, NIMS 509-8: Structural Collapse Rescue Team Leader
FEMA, NIMS 509-8: Structural Collapse Rescue Technician
FEMA, NIMS 509-8: Structural Collapse Search Team Leader
FEMA, NIMS 509-8: Structural Collapse Search Technician
FEMA, NIMS 509-8 Canine Search Specialist, Disaster/Structural Collapse - Live
FEMA, National Incident Management System (NIMS), October 2017
United Nations (UN) International Search and Rescue Advisory Group (INSARAG), Guidelines and Methodology, April 2012
American National Standard Institute (ANSI) A10.14 American National Standard for Construction and Demolition Operations - Requirements for Safety Belts, Harnesses, Lanyards and Lifelines for Construction and Demolition Use, latest edition adopted
ANSI Z359.1 American National Standard Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components, latest edition adopted
American Society for Testing and Materials International (ASTM) F-2890-12 Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel, latest edition adopted
International Code Council (ICC), International Building Code
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1983: Standard on Life Safety Rope and Equipment for Emergency Services, latest edition adopted
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), 29 CFR 910.120 (Code of Federal Regulations), Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response
OSHA, 29 CFR 1910.146, Permit-Required Confined Spaces
OSHA, 29 CFR 1910.134, Respiratory Protection
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, National Interoperability Field Operations Guide (NIFOG), v 1.4, January 2011