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ID
8-508-1020
Name
Swiftwater/Flood Search and Rescue Team
Status
Published
Updated
11/22/2019 4:31:43 PM
Released
11/14/2005
Description
The Swiftwater/Flood Search and Rescue (SAR) Team Conducts search, rescue, and recovery for humans and animals in swiftwater, swiftwater/flood, stillwater, and stillwater/flood environments
Resource Category
Search and Rescue
Primary Core Capability
Mass Search and Rescue Operations
Secondary Core Capability
 
Resource Kind
Team
Overall Function
The Swiftwater/Flood SAR team: 1. Searches for and rescues individuals who may be injured or in need of medical attention 2. Provides emergency medical care including Basic Life Support (BLS) 3. Transports humans and animals to the nearest location for secondary air or land transport 4. Provides shore-based and boat-based water rescue 5. Provides animal rescue 6. Supports helicopter rescue operations and urban SAR in water environments 7. Operates in environments with or without infrastructure, including those with compromised access to roadways, utilities, transportation, and medical facilities, and with limited availability of shelter, food, and water
Composition and Ordering Specifications
1. Discuss the following items prior to deployment: a. Intra-team communications, such as programmable inter-operable communications with Command, General Staff, and other supporting resources b. Presence of contaminated environments and need for related personal protective equipment (PPE), respiratory protection, clothing, and equipment c. Security and force protection needed upon arrival d. Logistics support, such as working conditions, length of deployment, security, lodging, transportation, and meals 2. The requestor should specify the mission location and operational environment, such as shore, water or boat based, stillwater, swiftwater, or hazardous materials contamination 3. The requestor should discuss any additional equipment (such as thermal imager, litter wheel, night vision goggles) and make arrangements with provider 4. The requestor should specify the type of animal rescue, such as livestock and equine, companion, avian, non-domestic, and exotic animals 5. The requestor should specify additional specialized equipment, such as hardware, software, ropes, and survivor evacuation devices 6. The requestor should specify or separately acquire additional vehicles, trailers, equipment or supplies such as fuel 7. Transport of rescued humans and animals is limited to water-based means, acquire secondary land or air transport of rescues separately 8. Operations in SAR environments may be immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH), per ASTM International (ASTM) F2890 Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel. The requestor should consider the need for additional recognized capability or endorsements
Supporting Core Capabilities
None
Components
Component Notes  
MINIMUM PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 114
Type 212
Type 36
Type 43
MANAGEMENT AND OVERSIGHT PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 12 – NIMS Type 1 Strike Team/Task Force Leader who are also qualified as a NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Leader
Type 21 – NIMS Type 1 Strike Team/Task Force Leader who is also qualified as a NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Team Leader 1 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Team Leader
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 41 – National Incident Management System (NIMS) Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Team Leader
SUPPORT PERSONNEL PER TEAMFor Type 3, one team member should also hold a qualification as a NIMS Type 1 Emergency Medical Technician (EMT).
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 14 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician - Boat Operator 4 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Boat Bowman 1 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician with the following skill set: Animal Rescue Specialist 1 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician with the following skill set: Logistics Specialist 1 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician with the following skill set: Communications 1 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician with the following skill set: NIMS Type 1 Paramedic
Type 23 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician - Boat Operator 3 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Boat Bowman 1 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician - Logistics Specialist 1 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician with the following skill set: NIMS Type 1 Paramedic 2 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician with the following skill set: NIMS Type 1 EMT
Type 32 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician - Boat Operator 2 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Boat Bowman 1 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician
Type 41 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician - Boat Operator 1 – NIMS Type 1 Swiftwater/Flood SAR Technician - Boat Bowman
Rescue Equipment Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 41 – Gasoline powered saw 1 – 200 foot rescue rope with bag 1 – Pole for reaching (pike or equivalent) 2 – Pulley 1 – Line gun/thrower Carabineers Hand tools assortment to include: Halligan bar, 8lb flathead axe, 10lb sledgehammer, hammers, drills, and saws Rope slings
Boat Recovery Equipment Per Rescue BoatNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 41 – Litter/Stokes basket or similar 1 – Adjustable bridle 1 – Patient harness system Animal restraint devices (such as handling equipment, prods, lead ropes, halters, collars, leashes)
Water Rescue Equipment Per Rescue BoatNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 43 – Throw bag 1 – Throwable flotation device (U.S. Coast Guard approved) Vessel support kit Paddles Swimmer rescue board
Decontamination Equipment Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 42 – 25 foot garden hose Garden hose wye valve Decontamination equipment kit: 2.5 gallon pressure sprayer 5 gallon bucket Soap and bleach solution 40 gallon plastic work box 110 volt submersible pump 110 volt power washer
Minimum Environment Per MissionNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Swiftwater/Flood
Type 2Swiftwater/Flood
Type 3Swiftwater/Flood
Type 4Stillwater/Flood
Operations Capability Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: Capable of boat based support for helicopter water rescue operations in conjunction with NIMS typed SAR Aircraft – Helicopter/Rotor Wing
Type 2Same as Type 3, PLUS: 1. Performs technical rope rescue using technical rope systems to include high line 2. Performs medical care to include Advanced Life Support (ALS)
Type 3Same as Type 4, PLUS: 1. Operates in hazardous materials contaminated environments 2. Manages search operations 3. Performs medical care to include BLS 4. Performs low angle rope rescue
Type 41. Performs Class 3 water operations, per American Whitewater (AW) Section VI Safety Code, specific to: a. Paddle and powerboat operations b. Offensive water rescue c. Flood response operations 2. Performs first aid to include cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) 3. Requests rope rescue and aviation resources as needed
Rescue Boat Equipment Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3, PLUS: Inflatable rescue boat, jon boat, PWC or dinghy appropriate for class of water equipped with supplies and fuel
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 4Inflatable rescue boat, jon boat, powered watercraft (PWC) or dinghy appropriate for class of water equipped with supplies and fuel
Gas Detection Equipment Per TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Multi-gas detector
Type 3Not Specified
Type 4Not Specified
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Equipment Per Team Member1. The following standards address PPE: American National Standard Institute (ANSI) Z359: Fall Protection Code; National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1983: Standard on Life Safety Rope and Equipment for Emergency Services. 2. The following regulation addresses PPE: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1910.146 Permit-Required Confined Spaces.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 41. Swiftwater/Flood SAR helmet 2. Headlamp and batteries 3. Eye and hearing protection 4. Breathing protection 5. Uniform/protective clothing 6. Gloves 7. Footwear 8. Dry suit 9. Personal Floatation Device (PFD) 10. Deployment/travel pack 11. Initial attack pack 12. Personal medical kit 13. Survival kit 14. Other necessary field packs or gear
Communications Equipment Per Team Member1. Intra-team and inter-team communications consistent with National Interoperability Field Operations Guide (NIFOG). 2. Consider alternate forms of communication, such as satellite phones, based on the mission assignment and team needs.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 41. Two-way handheld radio 2. Mobile phone (waterproof) 3. Charger for devices 4. Marine band radio (portable/waterproof) 5. Portable radio with ground to air capability 6. Handheld Global Positioning System (GPS) unit
TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3, PLUS: 1. Vehicle capable of hauling a trailer with a rescue boat 2. Equipment trailer capable of carrying one rescue boat
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 41. Vehicle capable of hauling a trailer with a rescue boat 2. Equipment trailer capable of carrying one rescue boat
559
Notes
References
Reference
FEMA, NIMS 509: Emergency Medical Technician
FEMA, NIMS 509: Paramedic
FEMA, NIMS 509: Swiftwater/Flood Search and Rescue Team Leader
FEMA, NIMS 509: Swiftwater/Flood Search and Rescue Technician
FEMA, NIMS 509: Swiftwater/Flood Search and Rescue Technician – Boat Operator
FEMA, NIMS 509: Swiftwater/Flood Search and Rescue Technician – Boat Bowman
FEMA, NIMS 509: Swiftwater/Flood Search and Rescue Technician – Animal Rescue Specialist
FEMA, NIMS 509: Swiftwater/Flood Search and Rescue Technician – Logistics Specialist
FEMA, NIMS 509: Swiftwater/Flood Search and Rescue Technician – Medical Specialist
FEMA, NIMS 508: Search and Rescue Aircraft – Helicopter / Rotary Wing
FEMA, National Incident Management System (NIMS), October 2017
American National Standards Institute/American Society of Safety Engineers (ANSI/ASSE) Z359.1-2007 Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems & Components
ASTM International (ASTM) F2890-12: Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel, 2012
American Whitewater (AW), Safety Code of American Whitewater, 2005
National Search and Rescue Committee, Catastrophic Incident Search and Rescue (CISAR) Addendum to the National Search and Rescue Supplement to the International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual, v. 3, June 2012
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1006: Standard for Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications, 2013
NFPA 1670: Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Search and Rescue Incidents, 2014
NFPA 1983: Standard on Life Safety Rope and Equipment for Emergency Services, 2012
U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Emergency Communications (OEC), National Interoperability Field Operations Guide (NIFOG), v. 1.5, January 2014
Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1910.120: Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response, latest edition adopted
OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910.146: Permit-Required Confined Spaces, latest edition adopted
OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910.134: Respiratory Protection, latest edition adopted