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ID
3-508-1029
Name
Ambulance Strike Team
Status
Published
Updated
11/15/2019 10:13:44 AM
Released
03/01/2009
Description
The Ambulance Strike Team is a group of five ambulances of the same type, either Advanced Life Support (ALS) or Basic Life Support (BLS), with common communications and a leader in a separate command vehicle. This team provides an operational group of ambulances complete with a supervisory element for organization command and control.
Resource Category
Emergency Medical Services
Primary Core Capability
Public Health, Healthcare, and Emergency Medical Services
Secondary Core Capability
Critical Transportation
Resource Kind
Team
Overall Function
The Ambulance Strike Team comprises EMS personnel that provide out-of-hospital emergency medical care, evacuation, and transportation services
Composition and Ordering Specifications
1. Discuss logistics for deploying this resource, such as working conditions, length of deployment, security, lodging, transportation, and meals, prior to deployment 2. Request a minimum of four persons per ambulance for staffing to meet the two-personnel minimum and to provide for crew rest if the ambulance is operational 24 hours a day, seven days a week 3. Request a minimum of six personnel for each ambulance if an operation may last five or more days 4. The quantity of ground ambulances needed depends on the nature of the mission, logistics, intensity of demand, duration of service activity, and allowance for rest periods 5. Requestor can order additional personnel to ensure the ongoing availability of resources to support the mission assignment safely and effectively 6. Support elements such as logistics and maintenance are necessary if there are 11 personnel, for example if there are two crew members per ambulance and only one person for lead responsibilities 7. Refer to the National Incident Management System (NIMS) Typed Ambulance Ground Team for staffing of individual ALS or BLS ambulances
Supporting Core Capabilities
None
Components
Component Notes  
MANAGEMENT AND OVERSIGHT PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 411
MINIMUM PERSONNEL PER TEAMNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 41 – NIMS Type 1 Ambulance Strike Team Leader
Support Personnel Per AmbulanceTypes 1 and 2 are ALS capable and Types 3 and 4 are BLS capable ambulances.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 25 – NIMS Type 1 Paramedic 5 – NIMS Type 1 Ambulance Operator
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 45 – NIMS Type 1 Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) 5 – NIMS Type 2 Ambulance Operator
Level of Care Capability Per Ambulance TeamNot Specified
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2ALS
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 4BLS
Vehicles Equipment Per TeamTypes 1 and 2 are ALS capable and Types 3 and 4 are BLS capable ambulances.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 15 – NIMS Type 1 Ambulance (Ground) 1 – Command vehicle
Type 25 – NIMS Type 2 Ambulance (Ground) 1 – Command vehicle
Type 35 – NIMS Type 3 Ambulance (Ground) 1 – Command vehicle
Type 45 – NIMS Type 4 Ambulance (Ground) 1 – Command vehicle
Patient Care Equipment Per TeamEach response or mission may need additional specialized equipment or supplies.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Not Applicable
Type 2Same as Type 3, PLUS: 1. Advanced ventilation and airway equipment 2. Monitoring and defibrillation equipment 3. Intravenous (IV) supplies and solutions 4. Medications
Type 3Not Applicable
Type 41. Basic ventilation and airway equipment 2. Immobilization devices 3. Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) 4. Dressings and bandages 5. Patient restraints
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Equipment Per Team1. Types 1 and 3 are capable of operating in a hazardous materials environment. 2. PPE is mission-specific and varies with the working environment. PPE includes protective footwear, protective clothing for skin exposure, eye and hearing protection, respirators, gloves, and masks. 2. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1910.134 and Part 1910.1030 address PPE requirements. 3. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 471, 472, 473 and OSHA CFR 29 Part 1910.120 address HAZMAT.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 3
Type 2Same as Type 4
Type 3Same as Type 4, PLUS: Range of supplies commensurate with the mission assignment, including PPE appropriate to the Level B hazardous material (HAZMAT) threat
Type 4PPE consistent with OSHA regulations
COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT PER TEAM1. Consider alternate forms of communication, such as satellite phones, based on the mission assignment and task force needs. 2. Requestor should verify interoperability of ambulance communications equipment and plan for augmenting existing communications equipment.
Component Types
Type Attribute
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Same as Type 4
Type 41. Short range, two-way portable radio (one per team member) 2. Cell phone (one per unit)
817
Notes
References
Reference
FEMA, NIMS 508: Ambulance Ground Team
FEMA, NIMS 509: Ambulance Operator
FEMA, NIMS 509: Emergency Medical Responder
FEMA, NIMS 509: Emergency Medical Technician
FEMA, NIMS 509: Paramedic
FEMA, NIMS 509: Ambulance Strike Team Leader
FEMA, National Incident Management System (NIMS), October 2017
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 471: Recommended Practice for Responding to Hazardous Materials Incidents, 2002
NFPA 472: Standard for Competence of Responders to Hazardous Materials/Weapons of Mass Destruction Incidents, 2013
NFPA 473: Standard for Competencies for EMS Personnel Responding to Hazardous Materials/Weapons of Mass Destruction Incidents, 2013
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 29 CFR Part 1910.120: Hazardous Materials Awareness, latest edition adopted
OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910.134: Respiratory Protection, latest edition adopted
OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910.1030: Bloodborne Pathogens, latest edition adopted
American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma et al., Equipment for Ambulances, October/December 2013