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ID
8-509-1397
Name
Cave Search and Rescue Team Leader
Status
Published
Updated
12/2/2019 4:08:32 PM
Released
11/07/2017
Resource Category
Search and Rescue
Primary Core Capability
Mass Search and Rescue Operations
Secondary Core Capability
 
Resource Kind
Personnel
Overall Function
The Cave Search and Rescue (SAR) Team Leader leads Cave SAR teams performing search, rescue, and recovery in naturally formed cave environments, including both horizontal and vertical caves
Single resource
In conjunction with a NIMS typed team
NIMS Typed Team
Cave Search and Rescue Team
In conjunction with a NIMS typed unit
NIMS Typed Unit
 
Description Notes
Not Specified
Supporting Core Capabilities
None
Types
Type Description
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: Performs search, rescue, and recovery in caves that may involve swiftwater
Type 2The Cave SAR Team Leader: 1. Provides general leadership, direct supervision, wellness, and safety of the team and members 2. Provides first aid and other medical care within limits of training and applicable protocols 3. Operates within the Incident Command System (ICS), in a specialized position within a Cave SAR Team 4. Operates in environments with and without infrastructure, including those affected by disasters and terrorism; with compromised access to roadways, utilities, and transportation; and with limited availability of shelter, food, and water 5. Provides safety of self and team members; basic medical care of self, team members, and patients; and simple decontamination of self, team members, and personal/team equipment 6. Coordinates with other Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) provided/organized resources as necessary to perform operations and support mission 7. Conducts initial response to incident, including: size up and initial report; rescue vs. recovery assessment; and pre-planning, incident action planning, and emergency response planning
Components
Component Notes  
EducationNot Specified
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Not Applicable
Training1. Operational leadership training follows these guidelines, or those of the AHJ: National Park Service (NPS) or United States Coast Guard (USCG) Operational Leadership training (current edition); National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) L-180: Human Factors in the Wildland Fire Service or discipline equivalent; and NWCG L-280: Followership to Leadership or discipline equivalent. 2. The AHJ may require additional training capabilities and endorsements.
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: 1. Training per NIMS Type 1 Cave SAR Technician
Type 2Completion of the following: 1.Training per NIMS Type 2 Cave SAR Technician 2. All hazards Team Leader level training 3. Operational Leadership training 4. Training on the use of National Weather Service (NWS), United States Geological Survey (USGS), and related warning and notification systems specific to discipline, such as storms and inflow flooding Completion of the following awareness level training: 1. Hazards and safety in and around caves, including: 2. Stillwater and swiftwater considerations 3. Cave flooding considerations and response procedures AHJ-verified completion of a Cave SAR training program meeting the following position-specific skills and aptitudes pertaining to initial response: 1. Size up and initial report 2. Rescue vs. recovery assessment 3. Pre-planning, incident action planning, and emergency response planning
ExperienceThe National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1006: Standard for Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications and NFPA (specifically Chapter 13 Cave Search and Rescue) (2017) and 1670: Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Search and Rescue Incidents (specifically Chapter 13 Cave Search and Rescue) (2017) address knowledge, skills, and abilities standards that may apply to Cave SAR.
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: Ability to perform search, rescue, and recovery in caves that may involve swiftwater or highly complex rigging
Type 2Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities: 1. Knowledge of cave rescue and associated hazards 2. Knowledge of use, care, inspection, and maintenance of all PPE, tools, devices, and equipment specific to this position 3. Ability to carry out technical rescue operations; rope rescue; and Cave SAR AHJ-validated experience demonstrating the following: 1. Scene management and dynamic assessment of risk 2. Cave SAR techniques 3. Identification of hazards, including potential operating environments 4. Completion of a Cave SAR Team Leader Position Task Book (PTB) or equivalent AHJ documentation
Physical/Medical FitnessThe NIMS Guideline for the National Qualification System (NQS) defines Physical/Medical Fitness levels for NIMS positions.
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: 1. Meets minimum physical fitness and swimming standards, in accordance with the AHJ’s Job Related Physical Ability Test (JRPAT) 2. Physically capable of performing search, rescue, and recovery in caves that involve swiftwater while utilizing appropriate PPE
Type 21. Moderate 2. Maintains physical fitness standards, in accordance with AHJ Job Related Physical Ability Test (JRPAT) 3. Maintains immunizations in accordance with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended adult immunization schedule for the United States of America 4. Physically capable of performing search, rescue, and recovery operations in caves with long and/or complex/tight horizontal and/or vertical passage
CurrencyProvider must carry out and use any background checks as applicable law specifies. This may include a background check completed within past 12 months; sex-offender registry check; and a local, state, and a local, state, and national criminal history.
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 21. Annual refresher of related SAR skills and abilities in cave environments 2. Functions in this position during an operational incident, planned event, exercise, drill, or simulation once every three years or as the AHJ determines 3. Operational experience in vertical and horizontal cave exercises, drills, or simulations per AHJ requirements 4. Maintains currency for the NIMS Type 1 Cave SAR Technician 5. Background checks as applicable law permits or requires
Professional and Technical Licenses and CertificationsThe AHJ determines the emergency medical certifications the team leader needs to meet the minimum criteria, which can include first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and BLS.
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 21. Certification or completion of cave SAR training that relates to the job standards 2. AHJ-required Basic Life Support (BLS)-level medical care certification or recertification
Composition and Ordering Specifications
Specification
Discuss logistics for deploying this position, such as working conditions, length of deployment, security, lodging, transportation, and meals, prior to deployment
The requestor should consider the need for additional recognized capability or endorsement, such as animal rescue
1075
Notes
References
Reference
FEMA, NIMS 508: Cave Search and Rescue Team
FEMA, NIMS 509: Cave Search and Rescue Technician
FEMA, National Incident Management System (NIMS), October 2017
FEMA, NIMS Guideline for NQS, November 2017
FEMA, National Response Framework, June 2016
ASTM International F2890-12: Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel, 2012
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1006: Standard for Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications, 2017 (Chapter 13 Cave Search and Rescue)
NFPA 1670: Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Search and Rescue Incidents, 2017 (Chapter 13 Cave Search and Rescue)