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ID
8-509-1196
Name
Mountain Search and Rescue Technician
Status
Published
Version
1.3
Updated
6/1/2020 2:18:21 PM
Original Release
11/07/2017
Last Major Release
06/01/2020
Resource Category
Search and Rescue
Primary Core Capability
Mass Search and Rescue Operations
Secondary Core Capability
 
Resource Kind
Personnel
Overall Function
The Mountain Search and Rescue (SAR) Technician performs search, rescue, and recovery efforts in mountainous terrain
Single resource
In conjunction with a NIMS typed team
NIMS Typed Team
Mountain Search and Rescue Team
In conjunction with a NIMS typed unit
NIMS Typed Unit
 
Description Notes
Not Specified
Supporting Core Capabilities
None
Types
Type Description
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: Performs search, rescue, and recovery in Alpine environments: Mountainous terrain, typically above tree line, that requires the ability to negotiate routes rated YDS class 2–5, and where any combination of altitude, extreme weather, extensive exposure to snow/ice obstacles, avalanche risk, and crevasses affects travel; in general, the alpine environment includes all mountainous terrain above 3,500 meters
Type 2Same as Type 3, PLUS: Performs search, rescue, and recovery in Mountain environments: Tracts of land characterized by steep slopes and great variations in elevation, that require the ability to negotiate routes rated Yosemite Decimal System (YDS) class 2–4, and occasionally class 5, and where steep to vertical rock, steep forested or brush-covered terrain, talus slopes, boulder fields, and occasional snow and ice obstacles limit travel
Type 3The National Incident Management System (NIMS) Type 3 Mountain SAR Technician: 1. Reports to the Mountain SAR Team Leader 2. Performs search, rescue, and recovery in: a. Low Mountain environments: Tracts of land characterized by steep slopes and moderate variations in elevation, that require the ability to negotiate routes rated as Yosemite Decimal System (YDS) classes 1-4 and occasionally class 5, where steep to vertical rock, steep forested or brush-covered terrain, talus slopes, boulder fields, and the possibility of occasional snow and ice obstacles limit travel, which includes city and county (urban or suburban) parks 3. Operates within the Incident Command System (ICS) in an entry level position on a Mountain SAR Team 4. Provides first aid and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) 5. Provides: a. Safety of self and team members b. Basic medical care of self, team members, and survivors c. Simple decontamination of self and team members d. Basic ground support capability for helicopter operations 6. Coordinates with ground vehicles, watercraft, and aircraft for support, transportation, and evacuation 7. Operates in environments with and without infrastructure, including those affected by disasters and terrorism; with compromised access to roadways, utilities, and transportation; and with limited availability of shelter, food, and water
Components
Component Notes  
EducationNot Specified
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Not Specified
Type 2Not Specified
Type 3Not Specified
TrainingYDS of classifying walking, hiking and climbing terrain: 1. Class 1: Walking with a low chance of injury. 2. Class 2: Simple scrambling, with the possibility of occasional hand use and little potential danger. 3. Class 3: Scrambling on an increased angle with increased exposure and necessary handholds. Falls could easily be fatal. 4. Class 4: Simple climbing, with exposure and rope use. Falls may well be fatal. 5. Class 5: Technical rock climbing using a rope, specialized equipment and training to protect against a fall. Un-roped falls can result in severe injury or death. 6. Class 6: Rock/Ice so shear and smooth that it is unclimbable without the use of aid, such as artificial and other devices: bolts, wedges, rope ladders, etc.
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Same as Type 2, PLUS: 1. Discipline-specific training for alpine environments, such as those ASTM F3028 defines 2. Hazard awareness, survival, navigation, and search, rescue, and recovery operations in: a. YDS classes 1-5 in alpine terrain b. Alpine glacier and crevasse c. Non-vertical and vertical ice traveling and climbing d. Alpine weather conditions and extreme snow and ice e. Rock climbing in alpine terrain
Type 2Same as Type 3, PLUS: 1. Discipline-specific training for mountain environments, such as those ASTM F3027 defines 2. Hazard awareness, survival, navigation, and search, rescue, and recovery operations in: a. YDS Classes 1-5 in mountain terrain b. Weather conditions including mountain terrain weather and heavy snow c. Mountaineering, including avalanche, glacier, and crevasse d. Rock climbing in mountain terrain 3. Mountain–alpine interface training
Type 3Completion of the following: 1. All training identified for the NIMS Type 1 Land SAR Technician 2. Hazard awareness, survival, navigation, and search, rescue, and recovery operations in: a. YDS classes 1-5 in low mountain terrain b. Rock climbing in low mountain terrain c. High angle rope rescue
ExperienceNot Specified
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities: 1. Knowledge of mountain SAR and associated hazards 2. Knowledge of the capabilities of canine search 3. Understanding of SAR procedures in the mountain environment during day and night operations 4. Ability to identify and use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) 5. Ability to carry out the following: a. Technical rescue operations b. General standards of technical rescue c. Rope rescue d. Mountain SAR Experience: Completion of Mountain SAR Technician Position Task Book (PTB) or equivalent Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) documentation
Physical/Medical FitnessThe NIMS Guideline for the National Qualification System (NQS) defines Physical/Medical Fitness levels for NIMS positions.
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 31. Arduous 2. Meets minimum physical fitness standards, in accordance with the AHJ’s Job Related Physical Ability Test (JRPAT) 3. Maintains AHJ-determined medical fitness suitable for the environment and job requirements 4. Maintains immunizations in accordance with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control’s recommended adult immunization schedule for the United States of America
CurrencyProvider must carry out and use any background checks as applicable law specifies. This may include a background check completed within past 12 months; sex-offender registry check; and a local, state, and a local, state, and national criminal history.
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 31. Annual refresher of related SAR skills and abilities in their specified environments 2. Functions in this position during an operational incident, planned event, exercise, drill, or simulation at least once every three years 3. Background checks as applicable law permits or requires
Professional and Technical Licenses and CertificationsNot Specified
Component Types
Type Criteria
Type 1Same as Type 2
Type 2Same as Type 3
Type 3Not Specified
Composition and Ordering Specifications
Specification
Discuss logistics for deploying this position, such as working conditions, length of deployment, security, lodging, transportation, and meals, prior to deployment
Mountain SAR involves high-angle operations
1146
Notes
References
Reference
FEMA, NIMS 508: Mountain Search and Rescue Team
FEMA, NIMS 509: Land Search and Rescue Technician
FEMA, National Incident Management System (NIMS), October 2017
FEMA, NIMS Guideline for the National Qualification System (NQS), November 2017
ASTM International (ASTM) F2209-2014: Standard Guide for Training of Level I Land Search Team Member, 2014
ASTM F2751-2009: Standard Guide for Training of Support Level Land Rescue Team Member (LRT-Support) Member, 2009
ASTM F2752-2009: Standard Guide for Training for Level I Rope Rescue (R1) Rescuer Endorsement, 2014
ASTM F2890-2012: Standard Guide for Hazard Awareness for Search and Rescue Personnel, 2012
ASTM WK45629: Training of Non-Wilderness Land Search Team Member
ASTM F2954-2012: Standard Guide for Training for Level II Rope Rescue (R2) Rescuer Endorsement, 2012
ASTM F3027-2013: Standard Guide for Training of Personnel Operating in Mountainous Terrain (Mountain Endorsement), 2013
ASTM F3028-2013: Standard Guide for Training of Search and Rescue Personnel Operating in the Alpine Environment (Alpine Endorsement), 2013
Mountain Rescue Association (MRA), Policy 105.1: National Compliancy Guideline, 2006
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 1006: Standard for Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications, 2013
National Interagency Aviation Committee (NIAC), Interagency Aviation Training Subcommittee, Interagency Aviation Training (IAT) Guide, 2014
National Park Service (NPS) RM-59: National Park Service, Search and Rescue Reference Manual, 2011
Yosemite Decimal System (YDS), Classifications for Terrain
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1910.120: Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response, latest edition adopted
OSHA 29 CFR Part 1910.1030: Bloodborne Pathogens, latest edition adopted